References

National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization

Copyright 1996 Medical Guidelines for Determining Prognosis in Selected Non-Cancer Diseases – 2nd Edition
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Intermediary 2007 
Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs).

NYHA Functional Classification

The Criteria Committee of the New York Heart Association. Nomenclature and Criteria for Diagnosis of Diseases of the Heart and Great Vessels. 9th ed. Boston, Mass: Little, Brown & Co; 1994:253-256.

Palliative Performance Scale (PPS)

Anderson, Fern et al. (1996). Palliative Performance Scale (PPPS) A New Tool, Journal of Palliative Care 12(1), 5-11.

Functional Assessment Staging (FAST) Scale

National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
Copyright 1996 Medical Guidelines for Determining Prognosis in Selected Non-Cancer Diseases – 2nd Edition

Body Mass Index Reference Chart

Body Mass Index (BMI) Reference Chart

FLACC Pain Scale

A behavior pain assessment scale by S. Merkel and other, 1997, Pediatric Nurse 23(3), p.293-297.

Useful Language for Hospice Discussions

David J. Casarett, MD, MA, and Timothy E. Quill, MD Annals of Internal Medicine, March 2007, Volume 146, Issue 6, p. 443-449.